Sharm el Sheik is a coastal city situated close to Mount Sinai on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula in the Egyptian desert. The city stretches along the coast of the Red Sea and its major industry is tourism. The city is focused on entertaining holiday-makers and virtually any kind of water sport can be enjoyed here, including of course scuba diving. The Red Sea is a true heaven for scuba divers and diving takes place 12 months a year, but from November to April a 3 mm or 5 mm wetsuit is recommended. If you want to dive in really warm waters however, the summer season which begins in July and ends in September is the best choice since water temperatures average at 81° F (27° C) during this period. February is the coldesst month with water temperatures around 68° F (20° C). The Red Sea offers a remarkable underwater visibility, frequently exceeding 100 feet (30 meters).
Scuba diving destinations easily reached from the city of Sharm el Sheik include Ras Mohammed, the Straits of Tiran, Ras Om El Sid and the wrecks named Thistlegorm and Dunraven.
Ras Mohammed is a National Park and has been a protected area since 1983. It includes land as well as parts of the Red Sea. It consists of a peninsula encircled by broad, terraced coral reefs. It is an astonishingly colorful area, filled with brilliant sea fans and fire corals. The reef is home to myriads of smaller multicolored fishes and they attract the larger, pelagic species. There is more than 1,000 species of fish represented in this Red Sea reservation.
The wreck named Thistlegorm is a 415 feet (126 m) British steamship, built in 1940 during the beginning of World War II. She managed to bring back much needed steel rail and aircraft parts to Europe from the U.S. and food supplies from Argentina and the West Indies before she was sunk by German bomber planes during a voyage through the Suez channel in 1941. She is now resting in the Red Sea close to Sharm el Sheik, her deepest point at 30 m and shallowest point at 13 m. Many scuba divers have described diving here as an emotional experience. It is an extremely beautiful dive site since she has been in the prolific Red Sea waters for more than half a century. On the other hand, it is still a very recognizable bombsite and it is hard not to think about the 9 crewmembers who was killed here. It is a war grave, an underwater museum, a piece of international and military history and a gorgeous dive site – all in one. This large ship is enough to keep you busy during several dives and some scuba divers even spend week long safaris here on dive boats. Currents can be strong and it is advisable to use a mooring line for a comfortable and safe descent into the wreck. The inside of Thistlegorm is filled with guns and wartime cargo, as well as motorbikes and trucks.