Bahamas consists of more than 700 islands and cays in the West Indies. Bahamas used to be a part of Great Britain, but voted for independence in 1973. It still belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations and English is the official language. The currency is Bahamian Dollars, but it is on par with the U.S. dollar and both currencies are used quite inter-changeably. Some of the smaller islands will not accept credit cards. Bahamas is located east of Florida and north of Cuba. It is a popular tourist destination, but also famous for banking and investment management. The climate is affected by the Gulf Stream, and varies from sub-tropical to tropical. Summer and autumn is hurricane season in the area and Bahamas is sometimes hit by very potent storms.
January and February are the coldest months, with average water temperatures of 72-75° F (22-24° C). The hottest month is July, averaging at 81-85° F (27-29° C). A full wetsuit, 6 mm or thicker, is recommended from December to the end of March. During April and November a short wetsuit is enough, but a full can of course still be very comfortable. Most divers use skin or shorty during May and October, and no suit at all during the warm months from June to September. Average visibility is 18 to 30 metres (59 to 98 feet) during the winter months and an astonishing 25 to 60 metres (82 to 197 feet) during the summer.
There are numerous dive sites in the Bahamas, some close to the main island and others more remotely located. Bimini Islands and Cat Cay is located southwest of Grand Bahama, and popular dive sites in this area are Bimini Road, Nodules, Bull Run, Moray Alley, Victory Reef, Sapona and Hesperus. Bimini Road is also called “The Road to Atlantis” because of the mysterious large rectangular stones found at the sandy bottom. Many people believe them to have been constructed by an early civilization in the Bahamas, a road from the vanished Atlantis.
Bull Run is for shark lovers, but also features swim-throughs and overhangs. The marine life includes Gray Angelfish, Yellowtail Snappers and big Black Groupers who are attracted by the shark feeding. There are no records of any diver being attacked or injured by a shark in the Bahamas, except for those who have been spear fishing, hand-feeding the sharks, or even worse, trying to grab the sharks and hold them. Reef sharks and nurse sharks are the most common types of sharks in the Bahamas. As long as you use common sense and treat these animals with respect, they are not dangerous.