In this part of the articles library we collect articles about scuba diving in Hawaii. Hawaii is one of the world's top destinations and is especially popular among scuba divers from the U.S. mainland. Hawaii is an American state, but situated over 2400 miles from the mainland. Hawaii consists of 132 islands and as a tourist you will probably end up on Hawaii, Maui, Kauai or Oahu – the four most frequently visited islands in Hawaii. If you stay on less well known islands you can for instance go to Ni'ihau, Lanai and Kahoolawe. Since Hawaii is such a popular tourist destination, the dive sites located near Hawaii, Maui, Kauai and Oahu can be quite crowded. Exploring less famous dive sites is therefore a good idea if you want to avoid the crowd.
If you want to explore dive sites less frequented than the ones located very close to the major islands, the Molokai island can be a good choice. Near Molokai, you will find Hawaii's biggest barrier reef. A majority of the dive sites along this reef are only recommended for experienced scuba divers, and they will therefore attract a smaller crowd than the easier dive sites where scuba instructors bring their students. Examples of good dive sites in along the reef are the Fish Bowl, the Fish Rain, the Cove and the Hole in the Wall.
As mentioned above, Ni'ihau is still a comparatively unspoiled island in Hawaii and the dive sites around this island are in good condition. If you’re lucky, you will even see some monk seals here. Examples of Ni'ihau dive sites recommended for experienced divers are the Ni'ihau Arches where you can explore really big sea arches, the Keyhole, Lehua Gardens, Pyramid Point and Stairway to Heaven. Ni'ihau is located roughly 17 miles from a larger island called Kauai.
The island of Lanai is popular among scuba divers interested in underwater lava formations and the dive sites around this islands offers plenty of caves, tunnels, archways, ridges, pinnacles and caverns for the scuba diver to explore. Finding somewhere to stay at Lanai can be tricky, so most scuba divers arrive by dive boat from Manu or Hawaii. Unlike the Ni'ihau dive sites, the Lanai dive sites are suitable even for inexperienced scuba divers. Houlopo'e Bay, Sergeant Major, Sergeant Minor, Fish Rock, Turtle Haven and Shark Fin are all nice dives.
Hawaii is visited by scuba divers year round since the water is warm and clear 12 months a year. The summer season begins in May and lasts to October, and during this period you can expect water temperatures in the 75-80° F (24-27° C) range. During the Hawaiian winter, the average water temperature drops to 70-75° F (21-24° C).
Hawaii is famous for its unique wildlife. Its vast distance from any mainland has caused a distinctive ecosystem to develop on land as well as in the water. The flora and fauna is rich in endemic species and when you go scuba diving, approximately 25 percent of the marine species that you may encounter can be found nowhere else in the world.